They may not be your family tunnels, but a very complex network of tunnels which served as hospitals, living quarters, communication and offer routes, and also storage areas for the weapons and food from the Viet Cong guerrillas. These folks were constructed without using any sophisticated machines or tools however only crude tools and human resilience. The Viet Cong guerrillas began building them throughout their proofed against french from the late 1940s. Its original purpose was for communication between villages without getting detected with the French army. In 1960, however, Vietnam’s National Liberation Front began excavating and increasing the tunnels. The tunnel system was very strategic contributing to the victory in the North Vietnamese Army up against the Americans.

A large number of secret tunnels were built underneath American bases. Its importance had not been only tied to military purposes but in addition took over as hub with the Vietnamese community life because the Americans burned and destroyed villages. Everything proceeded as normal for your Vietnamese of these tunnels where lovers met, couples got married, children visited school, and performances were held.

All was not normal, of course. The Vietnamese had to face the challenges of life in cramped quarters where ants, scorpions, vermin, and poisonous centipedes thrive. In addition to that, they have to ration everything because food, water, and also air were scarce. Usually, they only got out from the tunnels at night to scavenge any situation that could be useful for the neighborhood whether were supplies or food. When the Americans bombed and infiltrate villages, they’d to stay during these claustrophobic quarters for appeared like endless days. Those living conditions made sickness, especially malaria, rampant. In reality, it is now the 2nd major reason behind death on the list of Vietnamese in that time. Aside from that, a lot of the tunnel inhabitants had serious instances of intestinal parasites.

While the Cu Chi tunnels was really a haven for that Vietnamese, it has been a way to obtain frustration for the Americans. They’d tried various ways of detection and infiltration which were all failing. The American troops conducted large operations burning villages, bulldozing jungles, and destroying rice paddies. They deployed planes which sprayed chemicals to defoliate other locations burning it afterwards. Through these offensive attacks, the Vietnamese guerrillas, combined with the other villages, remained safe and secured of their tunnels. Not surprisingly, only 6,000 Vietnamese in the original 16,000 tunnel inhabitants could survive after the war.

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